The Dos and Don’ts of Building a Goat Shelter

Adding goats to your flock is terrific and adventurous. Goats are among the most versatile animals you can own. They will provide not only meat and milk but also companionship. If you have a vast field, then getting some is the best option. You need to provide your goat with the basic needs such as food, shelter, and medication. Coming up with a goat shelter is easy since the materials are readily available and cheap.

Dos and Don’ts of Building a Goat Shelter

There are various DIY ideas to construct a goat shelter that you can incorporate. However, the plan is dependent on three main factors. The number of goats, where you live, and how much you are willing to spend. However, regardless of the shelter plan you decide, there are some dos and don’ts that you must consider.

Make a Stable Structure

Stable shelter


Consider making a very stable goat shelter structure, and this will be indicated by how big your herd is. Ensure that the height is reasonable ideally not too short for you to enter and not too high for the goats. The height you chose will matter when you make the entrance.

A recommendable height is about 6 feet which will also be the size of your entrance. You can dig footings about three feet deep and 3 feet wide. After that fill the footings with blocks of your choice, and rock.

Double the walls with blocks-preferably double cinder blocks, filled with concrete, and rocks. Such a structure will be ideal to protect against harsh weathers like winds and rainstorms.


Do not make a structure higher than necessary! Focus on providing shelter and warmth for your goats

Mind the Walls

Double wall


When completing the walls of your structure, remember to choose an appropriate option. Consider having a structure with walls completely covered.

Always take caution to ensure that the walls used will preserve heat. You can choose wooden walls as opposed to concrete ones.

To further preserve heat, you can set up a double-wooden wall and door. Also, leave one shelter halfway covered so it can be used during the warm season or during the day.


Avoid concrete walls

Position the Entrance Strategically

strategic entrance


It helps to choose a strategic entrance, preferably facing away from the wind. Also, consider adding a front pallet that will shelter your structure from heavy winds or rainstorms. You can choose a structure like the one shown above.

It is a recommendable idea since despite blocking the wind, your goats can easily access their house.

You can also build a raised ground with a block as a step over. Adding a raised ground will also go along way to protecting the shelter from running water.

Alternatively, add hinges onto the block set up with concrete.


Do not expose your goats to the wind.

Avoid setting an entrance that will be inconvenient.

Avoid cases where the rain will enter the shelter.

The Floor Is Just as Important!

consider the floor


Keep the goat shelter floor uncemented and maintain the earth ground. Also, remember to get rid of any sharp objects and rocks. Level the ground as you wish but be sure to cover it with materials that will increase the comfort of your goats. The materials used should also allow urine to pass to the ground. For example, you can use sawdust, and the best part is that with time, it will become manure. Soft dirt will also work perfectly


Most people view concrete floors as the best idea for floors. This is because they are easy to clean and maintain. However, it is essential to consider the comfortability of the goats.

Avoid using cement floors. This is because the poop and urine will litter the floor and soon you will be dealing with a damp site which could cause multiple health risks for your goats.

Raise the Floor or Build on A Higher Ground

Raised Floor


It is advisable to build your shelter on the higher part of your field or raise the ground of where you plan to build it. The idea here is to protect your goats from external parasites and any foreign agents like runoff water.


Stationing the structure on a dump or potentially dump area is an absolute NO! Always ensure that your goats live in a dry and clean environment.

Plan the inside of your shelter such that it is easy and convenient to clean now and then. The best idea is to build two cemented trenches on either side of the shelter.

Add an adjustable opening at the end of each trench such that you can clean the room with a hosepipe.

Roof Choice and Positioning Strategy

The significance of the roof structure comes in handy! The roofing of a goat shelter is crucial since it requires specific positioning that will facilitate water runoff.

slanted roofing


Ensure that the lower end slopes back for a neater structure. Add the roof efficiently to make it firm and stable just like you do with the structure. Cover all holes and openings on the walls and roof.


Do not slope the roof to the front because it will compromise the front section such that you and the goats will get drenched when entering.



Even as you follow your plan, do not be afraid to adjust, remove and introduce new aspects and feature as you see fit. You can reinforce the features of your structure by combining ideas from different sources.

Also, always search for any materials you can recycle in your environment. Soft dirt and sawdust are the best materials to lay on the ground since they will eventually become manure which you can use in your garden.

Dos and Don’ts of Building a Goat Shelter

Final Verdict

The key things to remember when setting up a goat shelter is to build a sturdy structure. As such, choose appropriate materials that serve this need.

Build walls that are strong and which can preserve heat to provide ultimate shelter during harsh weathers. However, save a pallet or two for when the climate is friendlier.

Position the entrance strategically and raise it for more protection. The floor needs careful consideration to ensure the goats live in a clean and dry environment.

Ensure that the interior is also structured in a way that is easy to clean and maintain. Remember to add soft materials on the ground to enhance the comfort of your goats.

To complete the structure, add an effective roofing structure and seal all holes.


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